Are you or a loved one searching for the various alcohol detox stages that come from alcohol use disorder? If so, learn more about it here.
What is Alcohol Use Disorder?
Alcohol use disorder, or AUD, is a chronic condition characterized by excessive and problematic alcohol consumption that can cause significant physical, mental, and social harm. It is a complex disease that affects millions of people worldwide. The symptoms can range from mild to severe, depending on the individual and their circumstances.
Tolerance vs. Addiction
Some people believe tolerance is the main mechanism responsible for alcohol use disorder. However, some argue that addiction is the main driving force. Tolerance and addiction are two related but distinct concepts that often occur together in the context of substance use. Tolerance is a normal physiological response to repeated exposure to a substance. Over time, the body becomes accustomed to the drug, and the initial dose no longer produces the desired effect.
Conversely, addiction is a chronic and often progressive disease that affects the brain’s reward system. It is characterized by compulsive drug seeking and use despite negative consequences. While tolerance and addiction relate to each other, they are not the same thing. But, in the case of an alcohol use disorder, both factors work together.2
Symptoms and Treatment of Alcohol Use Disorder
Alcohol use disorder (AUD) is a complex medical condition that can manifest in various symptoms that range in severity. Some of the common symptoms of AUD include:
- Cravings or a strong desire to drink
- Drinking more than intended or for longer periods than intended
- Difficulty controlling or stopping drinking
- Spending a significant amount of time drinking or recovering from its effects
- Continuing to drink despite negative consequences
- Developing a tolerance to alcohol, requiring higher doses to achieve the same effect
- Losing interest in previously enjoyed activities3
Range of Symptoms
It’s important to note that not all individuals with AUD will exhibit the same symptoms, and the severity can vary depending on the individual’s circumstances.
If you know someone who is currently experiencing symptoms of Alcohol use disorder, encourage them to seek professional help. Early intervention and treatment can improve the chances of a successful recovery.
Treatment of Alcohol Use Disorder
Treatment of alcohol use disorder starts with alcohol detox. Ideally, you would think that achieving sobriety would be as simple as stopping alcohol consumption. However, things aren’t as straightforward as that. Abruptly stopping alcohol consumption after a period of heavy or prolonged use could have very severe health consequences.
Alcohol Detox Stages
Evaluation and Stabilization
The evaluation and stabilization stage is the first of the alcohol detox stages and is a critical step in the recovery process. This stage involves a comprehensive evaluation of the individual’s physical and mental health status, including vital signs, laboratory tests, and a thorough medical history.
The evaluation and stabilization stage typically involves a variety of assessments, including the following:
- A physical examination: A medical professional will examine the individual to evaluate their overall health status, including vital signs and other physical indicators.
- Laboratory tests: Blood tests and other laboratory tests may be used to assess the individual’s liver function, electrolyte balance, and other important health markers.
- Psychiatric assessment: A mental health professional may evaluate the individual for co-occurring mental health disorders, such as depression, anxiety, or PTSD.
- Substance abuse history: A healthcare provider will assess the individual’s history of alcohol and drug use to determine the extent of their addiction and any potential withdrawal symptoms.
The medical detoxification stage is another one of the alcohol detox stages. It occurs after the evaluation and stabilization stage and typically lasts for several days to a week or more. The length of this stage can vary depending on the individual’s level of alcohol dependence and the severity of their withdrawal symptoms.
This stage involves using medications and other medical interventions to manage withdrawal symptoms and prevent complications associated with alcohol withdrawal.
Medical Detoxification: Receiving the Support You Need for Sustainable Healing
The medical detoxification stage typically involves the following support systems:
- Monitoring: The individual’s vital signs, including heart rate, blood pressure, and temperature, are closely monitored.
- Medications: Medications are prescribed to manage withdrawal symptoms, prevent complications, and reduce the risk of seizures and delirium tremens.
- Nutritional support: Nutritional support is provided to help the individual regain their strength and address any nutritional deficiencies that may have resulted from alcohol use.
- Psychological support: Counseling and other forms of psychological support may be offered to address any underlying emotional or psychological issues that may have contributed to alcohol use.
Treatment Options During the Medical Detoxification Stage
The treatment options during the medical detoxification stage may include the following:
- Benzodiazepines: These medications are commonly used to manage anxiety and prevent seizures.
- Antipsychotics: These medications may manage hallucinations and other psychotic symptoms.
- Antidepressants: These medications may be used to manage depression and other mood disorders that may arise during the withdrawal process.
- IV fluids: IV fluids are administered to prevent dehydration and restore electrolyte imbalances
Treatment planning is the last of the alcohol detox stages. During this stage, a comprehensive treatment plan is developed to address the underlying issues that lead to alcohol use disorder and to prevent relapse.
It typically occurs within the first few weeks of recovery and continues throughout the individual’s ongoing treatment.
What Does the Treatment Planning Stage Entail?
The treatment planning stage typically involves the following:
- Evaluation: A comprehensive evaluation is conducted to assess the individual’s physical and mental health, as well as any underlying issues that may have contributed to alcohol use disorder.
- Treatment planning: Based on the evaluation results, a personalized treatment plan is developed to address the individual’s specific needs and goals.
- Referral: Referral to a specialized treatment program is often recommended to provide ongoing support and resources for the individual’s recovery.
What Are the Symptoms During the Treatment Planning Stage?
During the treatment planning stage, the individual may experience a range of emotional symptoms, including:
- Low self-esteem
- Fear of relapse
Treatment Options During the Treatment Planning Stage
The treatment options during the treatment planning stage may include the following:
- Behavioral therapy: Behavioral therapy, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) or dialectical behavior therapy (DBT), may be used to help the individual identify and change negative thought patterns and behaviors related to alcohol use.
- Medications: Medications may be prescribed to help manage cravings, prevent relapse, and treat any underlying mental health conditions that may have contributed to alcohol use disorder.
- Support groups: Support groups, such as Alcoholics Anonymous (AA), may be recommended to provide ongoing support and encouragement for the individual’s recovery.
- Lifestyle changes: Making lifestyle changes, such as improving nutrition, getting regular exercise, and developing healthy coping skills, can also be an important part of the treatment plan.
The risks associated with the treatment planning stage are generally low. However, there is a risk of relapse if the individual does not receive ongoing support and resources to maintain sobriety.
Common Symptoms Observed During Alcohol Detox Stages
During alcohol detox stages, the individual may experience mild to severe symptoms of alcohol withdrawal, including:
Alcohol detox stages can be a dangerous and potentially life-threatening process, especially if not done under medical supervision. Risks during alcohol detox stages may include:
- Seizures: Alcohol withdrawal can cause seizures, which can be life-threatening.
- Delirium tremens (DTs): DTs are a severe form of alcohol withdrawal that can cause confusion, hallucinations, seizures, and other serious symptoms.5
- Dehydration and electrolyte imbalances: Withdrawal symptoms, such as vomiting and diarrhea may also occur during alcohol detox stages and can lead to dehydration and imbalances in the body’s electrolytes.
It’s important to note that alcohol detox stages are just the first step in the recovery process and are not a substitute for long-term treatment. After completing the alcohol detox stages, patients should participate in ongoing treatment and support to address the underlying causes of their alcohol use disorder and develop skills to maintain sobriety.
Why Is It Important to Seek Help for Substance Use Disorders?
It is important to seek help for substance use disorders for several reasons. These will be detailed below.
Substance use disorders can have serious physical and mental health consequences. Chronic drug or alcohol use can lead to damage to vital organs such as the liver, heart, and brain and can increase the risk of developing conditions, such as heart disease, stroke, and certain cancers.
Substance use disorders can also cause mental health issues such as depression, anxiety, and psychosis.
Substance use disorders can impair judgment, coordination, and reaction time, increasing the risk of accidents and injuries. Individuals with substance use disorders may engage in risky behaviors such as driving under the influence, unsafe sexual practices, and violence.
Substance use disorders can have significant financial consequences. Individuals with substance use disorders may have difficulty maintaining employment, managing finances, and meeting basic needs such as housing and food.
Substance use disorders can also have legal consequences. Individuals with substance use disorders may engage in criminal behavior such as theft, drug trafficking, and driving under the influence, which can lead to legal charges and incarceration.
Substance use disorders can strain relationships with family members, friends, and coworkers. Individuals with substance use disorders may experience social isolation, conflicts with loved ones, and difficulty maintaining healthy relationships.
Seeking help for substance use disorders can provide a path to recovery, improved health, and overall well-being.
Find Help and Healing at Rise Above Treatment
Are you or a loved one looking for help in overcoming alcohol use disorder? Rise Above Treatment is here to support you every step of the way. We understand that making the decision to start a detoxification program can be one of the most difficult decisions in life.
There are many challenges that come with this disorder, so our team is dedicated to providing you with personalized healing help to kick alcohol use disorder for good.
Post-detox programs exist to assist the individual in developing the skills they need to stay sober for a long time. Some of the post-detox programs include the following:
- Residential rehabilitation
- Intensive outpatient program
- Partial hospitalization
- Women’s or men’s rehab programs
- Sober living
Reach Out and Begin Healing
In order to also keep you safe, our experienced staff will monitor your health and temperament during the entire detox process.
With our guidance, you’ll be able to scale through the alcohol detox stages, and we’ll also provide you with all the support you need every step of the way.
Contact Us Today
Contact us today to begin your journey toward a healthier and happier life. We can’t wait to meet you and get you started on recovery. We are here to give you the resources and guidance needed to begin living the happy, healthy, and fulfilling life you deserve.
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